Guide about writing a cause and effect essay

10 Jun

A cause is something that produces an event or condition; an effect is what results from an event or condition. The purpose of the cause-and-effect essay is to determine how various phenomena relate in terms of origins and results.

Sometimes called reason and result essays, cause and effect essays examine an event or situation. They explore how this event or situation came into being (the “cause”) and what is happening because of this event or situation (the “effect”). In other words, the purpose of these types of essays is to explore the “why” or “how” of a situation.
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How to Write Cause and Effect Essay Outline?

Do not start writing an academic paper of any type without an outline. It is a mini-plan for you and the reader. To understand how to write cause and effect essay outline, one should brainstorm, collect the best ideas related to the studied field, and use the chosen points to prepare an effective plan.

Choose Your Topic
The best topic to choose is the one you already know something about. it’s best to choose something you’re interested in. That will definitely make the paper more fun to write and likely more interesting to read.

The cause-and-effect essay opens with a general introduction to the topic, which then leads to a thesis that states the main cause, main effect, or various causes and effects of a condition or event.

Craft Your Thesis

The first thing you should do after choosing your topic is to work out your thesis statement. The thesis statement should answer the question: why should I care about this topic?

So, when formulating a thesis, you can claim one of a number of causes or effects to be the primary, or main, cause or effect. As soon as you claim that one cause or one effect is more crucial than the others, you have developed a thesis.

Do not forget to organize supporting cause and effect essay ideas before moving to the main body of the paper. Back the thesis statement with relevant and significant nuances.

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A basic cause and effect essay structure would look like this:
Introduction: Describe the event or situation your essay will explore. Include your thesis statement, which may focus on what you think is the main cause or effect of the event or situation.

Body Paragraphs (Causes): Start with what you feel is the main cause of the event, providing evidence to back up your argument. Then, follow with describing secondary causes.

Body Paragraphs (Effects): Just as with the causes, here you’ll start with the biggest or most important effect of the situation. Again, provide evidence to back up your argument. Subsequent paragraphs can then discuss other effects worth noting.

Conclusion: Reiterate your thesis statement and summarize the main points of your essay, showing how they support your thesis.

Because cause-and-effect essays determine how phenomena are linked, they make frequent use of certain words and phrases that denote such linkage.  Certain transitional words and phrases aid in keeping the reader oriented in the sequencing of a story.

Use the phrases of causation when trying to forge connections between various events or conditions. This will help organize your ideas and orient the reader. End your essay with a conclusion that summarizes your main points and reinforces your thesis.

A cause essay usually discusses the reasons why something happened. An effect essay discusses what happens after a specific event or circumstance. Examples: A cause/effect essay may explain   why a volcano erupts, and what happens afterwards;

A cause essay usually discusses the reasons why something happened. An effect essay discusses what happens after a specific event or circumstance. Examples: A cause/effect essay may explain why a volcano erupts, and what happens afterwards;


Make the essay sound more powerful and persuasive with the help of supporting evidence grabbed form the collected primary sources. Identify the specific terms or professional phrases, present facts & statistics, offer vivid examples (from personal life or sources), tell jokes, and contact with the audience like you are performing in front of them.

Top tip: Give yourself time to edit between your first and second draft. Make sure you have at least a day between when you wrote your first draft and when you go back to edit it. This will give you the perspective you need to spot errors in grammar, logic and other issues that prevent the paper from flowing smoothly.